Scientific Research

Tiger Watch Ranthambhore has kept up its long-standing commitment to scientific research. Tiger Watch has been involved in the exploration of biodiversity and research projects on foxes, wolves, reptiles, local flora and wildlife corridors to the neighbouring districts. Due to a vast knowledge base of locally occurring wildlife and an unmatched extensive local network. researchers from all over the country collaborate with Tiger Watch for field assistance, while the Village Wildlife Volunteer program which generates valuable data on a daily basis has supplemented small projects conducted by Tiger Watch volunteers and MSc student interns looking to write their dissertations. Over and above this, expeditions investigating the presence and status of endangered species like the Gharial and the Indian Wolf, have been conducted by engaging volunteers from all over the country.

Some significant outcomes of our research-oriented projects are as follows:

 

1. Wolf Research Project (2018-19)

The project titled: “Assessing the ecological status of Indian Grey Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) with the focus on anthropological interactions in Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary” was a six month long project where we tried to estimate the habitat-use by the Indian grey wolf and their density. The project was conducted by Mr. Prashant Mahajan, M.Sc. 

Funded by the Forest Department, Ranthambhore

2. Gharial Survey (2015-17)

A rigorous 3 yr long exploration resulted in the discovery of the presence of breeding gharials in the Parvati river, a tributary of the Chambal flowing on the Rajasthan-Madhya Pradesh border. Gharials (Gavialis gangeticus), found in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, have been classified as ‘critically endangered’ by IUCN. The study was conducted by Dharmendra Khandal, Meenu Dhakad, Mr. Suyash Katdare. Dr. W.C. Lang and the report was published in the IUCN’s journal in January 2017. Surveys were conducted between 2015 and 2017 on the three tributaries of the Chambal – Pravati, Kali Sindh and Banas — to assess the presence of gharials and mugger marsh crocodiles. 

Funded by: Tiger Watch Ranthambhore

3. Socio-Economic Survey of Traditional Hunting Tribes in & around Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary. (2019)

The Mogyas (also called Bawariyas) are a semi-nomadic community in Rajasthan. They traverse a large area covering the districts of Sawai Madhopur, Tonk, Kota, Bundi, Karauli, Dausa, Jaipur, Alwar, Dholpur and Seopur (MP). According to the National commission the Mogya community is a de-notified and nomadic tribe. The main objective of the study is to assess their socio-economic status and the location of this tribe in the Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary. In the present study, a total of 43 villages were identified which have Mogya settlements. Out of which 22 villages have non-resident individuals while the settlements in the remaining 21 villages have permanent residents. The study documented population size, average family size, sex ratio, child marriage status, literacy rate, sanitation facilities status, child mortality rate and socio-economic status of the community. The study was conducted by Ms. Meenu Dhakad and Mr. Ishan Dhar.

Funded by: the Forest Department, Ranthambhore

4. Ecosystem services of Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary (2018-19)

The term ‘ecosystem services’ encompasses diverse material and non-material goods and services beneficial to human beings that are provided by ecosystems. This study attempts to produce quantitative and qualitative estimates of the multiple values provided by the natural capital of the Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary (KWLS).
An evaluation of ecosystem services is emerging as an important policy-support tool for decision-makers. It serves this purpose in three principal ways. Firstly, a recognition of ecosystem services with some indication of their significance raises awareness about the crucial role of natural ecosystems in supporting human wellbeing. Secondly, an evaluation of services helps focus resource use to inform better management of ecosystems. Thirdly, ecosystem services evaluation provides a rational economic basis for the protection of or more sustainable management of natural systems. Though globally relevant and of his priority to underpin sustainable development, these roles of ecosystem service valuation are particularly pertinent for rapidly developing countries like India where forests could be easily be traded-off for short-term non–forestry uses. The project was conducted by Mr. Vishal Rasal, M. Sc.

Funded by: The Forest Department, Ranthambhore

5. Assessment of Anthropogenic Pressure in Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary (2018-19)

This report presents information on the various kinds of anthropogenic pressure on the Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary (KWLS). The study, conducted in association with the Ranthambhore Tiger Conservation Fund (RTCF), was focused on understanding the amount of pressure and impact on the forest. These surveys were for taking account of the pressure and impact on wildlife. This study was conducted by Ms. Meenu Dhakad, M.Sc. and Mr. Vishal Rashal, M.Sc.

Funded by: The Forest Department, Ranthambhore

6. Wildlife Corridor (2012-13)

This was a study on the wildlife corridor between Ranthambhore National Park (RNP) and the Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary; Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve and Ramgarh Bishdahri Wildlife Sanctuary. This study revealed a promising corridor between these protected areas. Furthermore, the forest department acted on the basis of this report and started the relocation of villages from this corridor area. This relocation will secure important wildlife corridors, which will safeguard the future of the animals in the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve. Conducted by Ms. Ovee Thorat and Mr. Suyash Katdare

Funded by: Tiger Watch Ranthambhore

7. Gharial Research (2008-10)

This Gharial Expedition was carried out in 2008 and twice in 2009 by three different teams. These expeditions were to survey and assess the current status of the Gharial in 100 km of the National Chambal Sanctuary. The findings of this survey, resulted in a publication in an international journal. The then chairman of Tiger Watch, the Late Shri. John Singh, donated his land along the banks of the Chambal River, to start a Gharial Conservancy. The current Chairman of Tiger Watch, Mr. Iskander Laljee, bought more land, along the river to provide further protection to the Gharials.

Funded by: WWF- India, and Mr . Gaurav Kataria

8. Wetland Conservation Plan Kalisil Dam, Karauli Rajasthan (2017):

Kalisil is a significant freshwater dam situated 30km away from Karauli city, district headquarters of Karauli, Rajasthan. In this study, we prepared remote-sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) based decadal maps of the Kalisil Dam along with a 5 km buffer zone of impact around the wetland. We simultaneously carried out the water quality analysis of Kalisil dam. Biodiversity assessment of the wetland and the surrounding areas were carried out in terms of vegetation and ornithological studies. Socio-economic surveys and capacity building workshop were conducted with the local communities living in the buffer zone of one kilometer from the periphery of the wetland. Project conducted by Mr. Kashish Madan, Mr. Rajnikant Verma and Ms. Meenu Dhakad. 

Funded by: The Forest Department, Karauli

 

9. Wetland Conservation plan Guda Dam, Bundi Rajasthan (2017)

Guda is a freshwater dam situated 60 km away from Sawai Madhopur city, the headquarters of the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan. In this study, we prepared remote-sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) based decadal maps of the Guda Dam along with a 5 km buffer zone of impact around the wetland. We simultaneously carried out a water quality analysis of Guda dam. A Biodiversity assessment of the wetland and the surrounding areas was carried out in terms of vegetation and ornithological studies. Socio-economic surveys and capacity building workshops were conducted with the local communities living in the 1 km buffer zone from the periphery of the wetland. This project was conducted by Ms. Meenu Dhakad, Madan, Mr. Rajnikant Verma and Mr. Kashish Madan.

Funded by: The Forest Department Ranthambhore

10. Wetland Conservation plan Kaylana-Takhat Sagar Lake, Jodhpur Rajasthan (2017)

Kaylana is an artificial freshwater lake situated on the outskirt of the city of Jodhpur in Rajasthan and spread over 84km2 area. In this study, we had prepared remote-sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) based decadal maps of Kaylana lake along with a 5 km buffer zone of impact around the wetland. We simultaneously carried out a water quality analysis of Kaylana lake. Biodiversity assessment of the wetland and the surrounding areas were carried out in terms of vegetation and ornithological studies. Socio-economic surveys and capacity building workshop were also conducted with the local communities living near wetland. This project was executed by Mr. Rajnikant Verma, Mr. Kashish Madan and Ms. Meenu Dhakad.

Funded by: The Forest Department, Jodhpur.

11. Viability and Sustainability of Successful Post relocation Settlement & Livelihood:

There were four villages (Kathuli, Padra, Mordungri and Kalibhat) which were relocated from Ranthambhore National Park. The aim of the study was to do a comparative analysis of the Pre and post-relocation situations of the relocated families. The survey emphasised changes in livelihood and standard of living of families before and after relocation. The project is executed by Ms. Meenu Dhakad and Mr. Ishan Dhar.

Funded by the Forest Department ,Ranthambhore

12. Wolf Research(2013)

A survey was carried out to study the presence of Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) around the Ranthambhore National Park. The survey conducted was in the ravine areas around the National Park and revealed a healthy wolf population in the region. The land was owned by the Government and to help this cause, the then collector of Sawai Madhopur Mr. Giriraj Singh Kushwaha legally changed the status of these lands to pasture lands. This status, now, prevents the lands from being sold off and has helped in securing a vital habitat for the wolves. This study was conducted by Ms. Pooja Rathore, Mr. Nimesh Ved and Mr. Trishant Simley.

Funded by: Tiger Watch- Ranthambhore.

13. Ecological Impact of Religious Sites in Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve (2018-19)

The Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve has many religious sites inside the tiger reserve which attract a large number of pilgrims throughout the year. The study documented the total number of religious sites, the number of pilgrims visiting these sites and their impact on the ecology and wildlife. The study also recommended management guidelines to the Forest Authority. This study was conducted by Ms. Meenu Dhakad.

The project is funded by RTCF- Forest Department

14. Assessment of Impact on Ecology due to the distribution of LPG (2015)

A impact assessment for the forest department: 26,000 LPG connections were provided over the last decade in the vicinity of the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve on subsidised rates to reduce deforestation and the negative impact on the ecosystem caused by the use of fire wood. However, a greater concern was whether the rural population, around Ranthambhore, will switch to this newer source of fuel? The apprehension was obvious since the availability of wood was very easy and suited their traditional rural lifestyle. The Forest Department appointed Tiger Watch, as an independent agency to asses and evaluate the project. The socio -economic study revealed important touch points like LPG use patterns by income, education, land holding capacity, livestock keeping, demographic use pattern, distance with the LPG cylinder providers (gas agency) etc. The report submitted by a team of 8 different researchers, revealed some huge irregularities in the distribution of the LPG connections, and the data will also prove helpful in the future for implementation of such socio-economic projects. The project was conducted by Ms. Kanchan Soni, M.Sc. and Mr. Rajanikant Verma, M.Sc.

Funded by: the Forest Department, Ranthambhore

15. Dairy Development project

Tiger Watch carried out a detailed study on livestock economics and practices in and around the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve. This included a Socio-Economic Survey of Veterinary Doctors, villagers, cooperative dairies, research scientists, dairy expert and government officials. The Socio-Economic survey included grazing patterns, feed and fodder, vaccinations and diseases, breeds and artificial insemination, local and outstation cooperative dairies as well as a workshop for villagers. The reports include details on the economics of cows, buffalos and goats and the dependency on the tiger reserve, livestock density in and around the tiger reserve, livestock diseases and their effects on wildlife, the status of cooperative diaries around the tiger reserve, Government schemes and state veterinary institutions around the tiger reservation, best feeds and fodder, the benefits of artificial insemination, the perspective of villagers and recommendations. This project was conducted by Mr. Ankit Toshniwal, MA (TISS).

Funded by: the Forest Department Ranthambhore

Address: Maa Farm,
Ranthambhore Road, Post Khilchipur,
District Sawai Madhopur,
322 001, Rajasthan,
INDIA

(+91) 90015 07777